The Nature of Cyberwar
This was pretty good, I thought:
However, it may be difficult to write military doctrine for many aspects of cyberconflict that are truly revolutionary. Here are no fewer than 10 to consider:
- The Internet is an artificial environment that can be shaped in part according to national security requirements.
- The blinding proliferation of technology and hacker tools makes it impossible to be familiar with all of them.
- The proximity of adversaries is determined by connectivity and bandwidth, not terrestrial geography.
- Software updates and network reconfigurations change cyberbattle space unpredictably and without warning.
- Contrary to our historical understanding of war, cyberconflict favors the attacker.
- Cyberattacks are flexible enough to be effective for propaganda, espionage, and the destruction of critical infrastructure.
- The difficulty of obtaining reliable cyberattack attribution lessens the credibility of deterrence, prosecution, and retaliation.
- The “quiet” nature of cyberconflict means a significant battle could take place with only the direct participants knowing about it.
- The dearth of expertise and evidence can make victory, defeat, and battle damage a highly subjective undertaking.
- There are few moral inhibitions to cyberattacks, because they relate primarily to the use and abuse of data and computer code. So far, there is little perceived human suffering.