Friday Squid Blogging: Squid Controlled Evolution of Sonar in Whales and Dolphins

Maybe:

Behind the sailor's lore of fearsome battles between sperm whale and giant squid lies a deep question of evolution: How did these leviathans develop the underwater sonar needed to chase and catch squid in the inky depths?

Now, two evolutionary biologists at the University of California, Berkeley, claim that, just as bats developed sonar to chase flying insects through the darkness, dolphins and other toothed whales also developed sonar to chase schools of squid swimming at night at the surface.

Because squid migrate to deeper, darker waters during the day, however, toothed whales eventually perfected an exquisite echolocation system that allows them to follow the squid down to that "refrigerator in the deep, where food is available day or night, 24/7," said evolutionary biologist David Lindberg, UC Berkeley professor of integrative biology and coauthor of a new paper on the evolution of echolocation in toothed whales published online July 23 in advance of its publication in the European journal Lethaia.

Posted on September 14, 2007 at 4:24 PM • 7 Comments

Comments

Dom De VittoSeptember 14, 2007 5:49 PM

Isn't this obvious? Mother nature is pretty careful to only develop 'features' that are worth having, and features with little 'return on the investment' tend to be removed quickly.

So in a food scarce environment the ability to feed continuously, rather than just during the daylight hours, is a major advantage over your peers. Such a feature would mean you grow significantly larger, can survive longer food shortages, and ultimately successfully reproduce more often. The last point pretty much directly results in one species replacing others without that feature, that have the same food source.

kevinDwhiteSeptember 14, 2007 6:19 PM

To a scientist nothing is obvious until it has been proven. Where would we be if scientists never challenged the "obvious" or just accepted something as "common sense"

lookatitSeptember 14, 2007 9:26 PM

Both Dom and Kevin are right. Scientists must allow themselves to have ideas, especially obvious ones, but then have the ability to verify, expand, limit and otherwise modify them. Thus preparing the ground for the next generation of obvious ideas.

ANON INDIANSeptember 15, 2007 1:10 PM

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HermanSeptember 15, 2007 1:25 PM

The whale sonar thing made me think of the Navy sonar hullabaloo about high power sonar supposedly injuring wales. The real reason for the injuries is of course that navies around the world use wales in submarine hunt exercises and then torpedo or depth charge them. It is obviously these explosive charges that are injuring pods of wales, not the sonar, but it is nicer to blame the sonar rather than charge the local navy with illegal wale hunting...

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