A Chosen Ciphertext Attack against Several E-Mail Encryption Protocols
J. Katz and B. Schneier
9th USENIX Security Symposium, 2000.
ABSTRACT: Several security protocols (PGP, PEM, MOSS, S/MIME, PKCS#7, CMS, etc.) have been developed to provide confidentiality and authenitcation of electronic mail. These protocols are widely used and trusted for private communication over the Internet. We point out a potentially serious security hole in these protocols: any encrypted message can be decrypted using a one-message, adaptive chosen-cipertext attack. Although such attacks have been formalized mainly for theoretical interest, we argue that they are feasible in the networked systems in which these e-mail protocols are used.
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